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What is Automation Testing and tools for both Web and Mobile App Development?
Automation testing is a Software testing method to test and compare the real outcome with the exacted outcome. It enables the testers to write the test scripts and cases using the testing tool and then group into suites(Active, In progress and Completed).
Automation testing is one step forward of the manual testing. It preserves the human effort and time up to a great extent and it also wills no or very lighter scope for errors in testing. Automated tests can be run multiple times to test the same application thus decreasing unnecessary manual work.
Why it is important?
Whenever software come up with new releases and bug fixes it is difficult task to test the old and new functionality manually here automation tools help efficiently and effectively(cost, resources, Time etc.)
- When there is a lot of regression work it is better to go for Automation testing.
- Automation is the best choice when your GUI is the same and has a lot of functionalities.
Advantages of Automation
- Improve productivity
- Preserves money
- Enhances software quality
- Lessens the testing time
- Support various applications
- Improves the testing coverage
- Deduction of repetitive work
- Excellent consistency
Different Tools Available to Automate the Testing Process
Here are the best Functional And Regression testing tools in the market
First, We will look at Web Application Tools
Selenium is the first tool when it comes to testing automation. It is regarded as the industry standard for user interface automation testing of Web applications.
For developers and testers who have experience and skills in programming and scripting, Selenium allows the flexibility that is invisible in many other automation tools and frameworks. Users can write test scripts in many different languages (such as Java, Groovy, Python, C#, PHP, Ruby, and Perl) that run on multiple system environments (Windows, Mac, Linux) and browsers (Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Truncated browsers).
To practice Selenium efficiently, users have to possess high-level programming skills and need to give significant time to build automation frameworks and libraries. This is the main disadvantage of Selenium,
mabl delivers scriptless end-to-end test automation, blended with your delivery pipeline, so you can focus on upgrading your app.
i) Proprietary machine learning models automatically identify and surface application issues
ii) Tests are automatically repaired when UI changes
iii) Automated regression insights on every build.
Tricentis Tosca is one of the few tools that provide comprehensive toolsets to support most testing activities ranging from test design and test automation to test reports and analytics.
This tool has many features such as dashboards, analytics, integrations, and classified executions to maintain eternal integration and DevOps practices. Furthermore, it gives a solid user interface and a rich feature established for planning, implementing, executing, managing, optimizing API tests.
Some other highlights of the tool:
Can be easily integrated to be a crucial part of DevOps processes
API tests can be performed across browsers, mobile devices, and platforms
Multiple protocols and standards are enabled, including HTTP(s) JMS, AMQP, Rabbit MQ, TIBCO EMS, SOAP, REST, and IBM MQ
A good set of test reporting and analytics capabilities
Tricentis claims to significantly reduce regression testing (within the magnitude of minutes from weeks). This claim, however, needs to be carefully verified by testing teams.
UFT is a modern popular tool to test desktop, Web, and mobile application. It has been prolonged to incorporate a good assemblage of capabilities for API testing. By supporting multiple platforms for the target application under test (AUT), UFT provides a convenient choice to test the AUT that operates on desktop, Web, and mobile.
UFT provides various advanced capabilities for smart object detection, image-based object detection, and correction.
Several highlights of the tool that support API testing:
i) Intuitive user interface for creating,
- ii) executing and reporting API tests
iii) Support generating API tests from WADL documents
iv) Tests’ actions, activities, and parameters can be visualized in the diagram
Rational Functional Tester
IBM Rational Functional Tester is a test automation tool designed for testing of applications that are developed using different languages and technologies such as Web, Visual Basic, .Net, Java, Siebel, SAP, PowerBuilder, and Dojo Toolkit, Adobe Flex. It is also a data-driven testing platform for both (functional and regression) testing.
RFT presents a feature described ‘storyboard testing’ which helps envision and edit tests utilizing normal language and application screenshots. RFT’s ScriptAssure capability allows testers to generate test scripts resilient to changes in the user interface of the AUT.
Mobile Apps Automated Testing Tools
An open-source mobile test automation tool to test Android and iOS applications. Developers can test mobile web, Hybrid mobile apps and native Apps on this software. Appium uses WebDriver interface to run the tests. It supports C#, Java, Ruby, and many other programming languages that belong to the WebDriver library.
Testers can test the native apps that are programmed in Android and iOS SDKs, mobile web apps that can be accessed through a mobile browser, and hybrid apps that contain web view. Being a cross-platform tool, it enables developers to reuse the source code amongst Android and iOS.
Robotium is an open-source tool to test Android applications of all versions and sub-versions. It tests all native and Android hybrid apps. The tests of Robotium are written in Java. Using the tool, it is quite easy to write powerful automatic black box test cases for Android applications. It automates various Android activities and produces solid test cases in minimal time.
MonkeyRunner is specifically intended for the testing of devices and apps at the framework/functional level. The tool comprises unusual features such as various device control, regression testing, flexible automation, and functional testing to test Android apps and hardware. The tests of MonkeyRunner are written in Python. No need to make changes in the source code to automate the testing.
UI Automator creates functional Android UI test cases to test the interface of an app. It has been recently expanded by Google. The tool seamlessly blends with all Android software and applications. It runs with the all devices that support Android version 4.1 and others that are published later 4.1. In the early version, testers required to use other testing tools. Additionally, UI Automator can lock and unlock a tablet or a smartphone.
Being one of the foremost test automation software, Selendroid tests the User interface of Androids based native and hybrid applications and mobile web. Client API tests are composed using Selendroid 2. The tool recommends plugging of hardware devices. Moreover, it ensures excellent capabilities to associate with various Android devices at the same time. Selendriod is highly compatible with the JSON wire protocol.
Automation testing is the best way to fulfill most of the testing goals with effective resources and time. But be careful before selecting the automation tool that fulfills the requirement of the application because no any tool can fulfill 100% requirement. So in order to produce the Quality Software, selection or use of the best tool is must for any software development company.